#89 October 1995
Section 188.8.131.52.089.of the Artemis Data Book
October '95 The C.I.S. manned space station Mir with Mir-20 (call sign 'Uran') Cosmonauts Yuri Gidzenko, Sergei Avdeyev and Thomas (DF4TR/DP0MIR) Reiter and will be appearing in the mid-western US pre-dawn skies September 20th to October 10th, and then re-appearing in the evening skies October 15th to November 6th, 1995. For exact times and locations to see the space station over your backyard, call MN MIRWATCH Coordinator Ben Huset at (612) 639-9109. This info is also available on the MN SFS computer BBS at (612) 459-0892 (300-14,400 baud).
Amateur radio operators can log into the Mir 'Packet' (R0MIR-1) BBS on 145.550 simplex and 437.775 downlink / 435.775 uplink MHz. The cosmonauts also use this freqs. 145.200, 145.550, 145.800, 145.850 to talk with amateur radio operators on the ground during their off-hours. The 70 cm equipment, SAFEX II, will be installed during the mission. It is capable of FM voice and FSK 9600 Baud packet modes on 437.925, 437.950, and 437.975 MHz.
The docking to the MIR Station complex was on the 5th of September and the contact between the two spacecraft occurred at 12:29:54 CET , the crew has opened the hatch at 13:01:12 CET and the crew of SOYUZ TM 22 and MIR joined in orbit. Thomas Reiter was first followed by commander Gidzenko and Engineer Avdeyev. Presents were exchanged. Thomas brought an ESA Flag and the EuroMir '95 decal. The crew then staged for a video conference with the control center.
FLIGHT DAY 016 / 18:30 CET (18 September 1995)
The crew on-board MIR is in excellent condition and had a regular working day again after the rest on Sunday. Generally the weekends remain free of any scheduled experiment activities. They are used only in exceptional cases - that is if the program of the preceding week could not be completed or some trouble-shooting may be necessary. Also Public Relations events break this rule.
The crew had a chance to talk to their families yesterday, a weekend activity that is enjoyed by both the crewmen and the families - as you can imagine. This contact is off the record and not monitored by ground personnel, of course. Today's experiments included the T-4, T-8, VTS, 38-D and 18-D.
A day on-board MIR usually starts at 08:00 ZUP time (SCET+1) when the crew is woken up by a alarm clock. After a period for checkout of the MIR systems, the crew then has time allocated for their morning toilet, followed by breakfast. This time is sometimes overlaid by experiments involving the human body as a subject.
Depending on the actual orbit of the station, there are ground contacts to various Russian ground stations (and sometimes relay satellites). These contacts are used to exchange verbal information between the ground personnel and the crew, including information about their medical status, as well as personal matters and, mostly, information about the experiments to be set up and those presently underway.
The working day (the crew nominally works 5 days per week and has two weekend days for free disposal) is then filled by experiments, station maintenance and physical exercise. Lunch is scheduled for mid-day and dinner is usually around 20.00. After dinner the crew has time for personal use and the night (sleep) on-board starts at 23.00.
-- (end of EuroMir '95 clips) ---
Here are some upcoming events aboard Mir:
Saturday October 7, 1995: "Space: fiction and real".
During the Space Festival taking place at Disneyland Paris, over 500 children from all ESA member states and Russia will spend a morning at a "space class" with specialists from the worlds of space and fiction, culminating in a live link-up with the crew on board Mir.
Friday October 20, 1995: "EVA day by the ESA astronaut". Beginning at 13:00 hrs Moscow time, with a planned duration of 5 hours.
Thursday November 2, 1995: "Launch of STS-74 " at 11:25am EST docking at Mir 3 days later.
Thursday November 9, 1995: "Art & education".
Twenty works of art selected after a worldwide contest (Ars ad Astra project) will be "exhibited" both in the Mir station and at the Euro Space Center in Belgium, where a live link and discussion with the crew will be organized for European children accompanied by some of the artists on the theme "Space and Humanity".
Tuesday January 16, 1996: "Landing Mir-20" (13:36 hrs Kazakhstan time)
Power to Plesetsk Cut Off
Regional power authorities cut off the power to the Plesetsk Rocket Launch complex on September 15th because the Strategic Missile Forces had not paid their electric bill. They are using back-up emergency power systems to remain functional. The missile forces are said to owe the power authorities a total of 73 billion rubles ($17 million), of which 17 billion rubles ($4 million) is Plesetsk's debt.
Soyuz TM-21 Lands
The crew of the 19th Main Exp. to MIR, Solovyov and Budarin, made a safe landing in Kazakhstan, 302km northeast of Arkalyk on September 11, 1995 at 06:52 UTC. The Soyuz-TM-21 came down "far away from the aiming point". The rescue parties found the crew in an excellent condition. I have yet to hear as to WHY they came down off course.
European Mir watcher Chris v.d. Berg reports Altair (Cosmos-2054): geostationary satellite is in use for communications between TsUP and MIR, but the Russians do not use it during all possible "windows". The satellite is also not as "stationary" as it should be: The orbital inclination is more than 3 degrees and is still increasing. To keep the satellite in sight it is necessary to adjust the elevation and azimuth of the receiving dish-antenna regularly. Another problem arose on July 25, 1995: The engineering beacon of the satellite transmitting on 11.380 GHz disappeared and has not resumed since. The beacon signal had enabled observers to maintain the direction of their dish antenna. Without that beacon it is still possible to find the Altair transmissions for TsUP-MIR communications on 10.830 GHz, phone transmissions as well as television images, by turning the dish antenna to the "calculated" direction during "windows", when MIR and Altair see each other.
On August 18, 1995, Mir TV showed a disoriented salamander that was hopelessly struggling to find her way. It was obvious that the poor creature was not able to do this without gravity. After the salamander had been put in a container by Budarin, the cosmonauts showed other images of the exterior of the complex: the modules, the ships and some solar arrays.
From Cosmonauts to Coffins
Dnepropetrovsk's Yuzhmash factory will now produce coffins instead of space ships, Pravda reported August 22. The new coffins will be made of pressed cardboard to keep costs down, but will be every bit as reliable as the space equipment the firm used to make, its officials said.
Art Dula is now selling Soviet Space artifacts on the web at http://www.dula.com/Russia_House/ "This site contains a wide selection of Soviet/Russian Space Program memorabilia and hardware. We invite you to browse the list of merchandise, which includes short descriptions, pictures, and pricing. We've sorted the listing into subject categories for your convenience. Feel free to contact us with any questions."
Clip from 'Novosti Kosmonavtiki' No.8, '95, p.42
Gennadiy Strekalov flew his recent mission onboard of Soyuz TM-21/STS-71 after he had resigned from Energia corps on January 17, 1995. He had resigned due to his age, but since he signed a contract with Russian Space Agency for the Soyuz TM-21 flight, he flew the mission not being a member of cosmonaut corps! Strekalov had been assigned to the position of Head, Department No. 291 of NPO Energiya on January 17, 1995, right after his formal departure from Energiya cosmonaut corps. All Energiya cosmonauts except Krikalyov formally worked in that department. During Strekalov's flight on Mir his responsibilities were temporarily carried out by Aleksandr Kaleri. Since there is no chief cosmonaut position at Energiya, the head of department No. 291 position is equivalent to Energiya's chief cosmonaut.
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