THE ARTEMIS PROJECT
PRIVATE ENTERPRISE ON THE MOON
Survey of Existing Launchers
Section 4.1.1.1.1.
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Summary of Available Launchers

Marc Passy

Country - Maker Launcher Payload Capacity Costs Success Rate (to late 1994)
Orbit Mass
Arianespace, Inc Ariane - 4 7° - LEO 4600 kg - A40 $55-65M 2000 to 2500 kg 94.5% overall, 97.5% last 25 launches
6000 kg - A42P

$65-80M 2500 to 3000 kg
6500 kg - A44P

$55-65M 3000 kg+
7000 kg - A42L/A44LP
(costs indep of booster)
Ariane - 5 (should be man-rated) 28.5° - 70x300km 22, 600 kg unk - estimates to $250M 0% - First flight in May 1996, IOC in early 1997
28.5° - 550km 18,000 kg
ChinaLong March - (CZ-) 2E 28.5° - 400km 7200 kg$40M 100%
Long March - (CZ-) 3 31.1° - 300km4500 kg $25 to 35M75%
Lockheed-Energia Proton -K (SL-13)51.6° - LEO 20,000 kg$55M 85.7%
Proton-KM 51.6° - LEO 23,500 kgunk 0% - IOC estimated 1997
Russia Zenit (SL16) 12° - 200km 15,700 kg initial discussions on commercial availability 80%
Japan - NASDA H230° - 250km 10,100 kg¥11B (currently $110M) 0% - IOC 1996
Martin-Marietta Titan - 328.6° - 148x259km 14,700 kg$110M92.3%
Atlas - 2A 28.5° - 185km 6700 kg $45M 100%
McDonnell-Douglas Delta II - 7925/7920 28.7° - LEO 5050 kg 94.6%
USA - NASA STS (shuttle) 28.6° - 200km25,000 kg $356 M98.6% (Feb 96)

As can be seen from the figures, a reference mission mass of 55,000 kg puts all operational launchers but Proton and the STS out of the game for everything but dedicated fuel launches (if they are made). And the Proton's inclination would add mass to the reference mission for inclination change fuel. Even if we went with Proton or split up the mission into more then two launches, the Proton's payload envelope is 1 m too narrow and 7 m too short for the full triple-spacehab module, and the rest are even smaller.

The only good news is that the Ariane-5 will support payloads in the STS envelope range (4.6m x 17m). It has completed its pre-launch testing program and ESA has authorized commencement of the run-up to flight 501 in May of this year (Read the Press Release).

Also, if the USAF releases Martin-Marietta to commercialize the Titan-4, its mass range is close to our needs.

Launcher data from Jane's Space Directory, 1994-1995.

Survey of Existing Launchers

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